COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) is a viral infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 and is currently a World Health Organization (WHO) declared pandemic. As of April 2021, over 120 million people had been infected globally with millions of deaths.
COVID-19 has presented itself as a global pandemic in a short time period resulting in a rapid curve shift of infected patients, increasing death rates, huge global economic burden, and widespread mobilization of medical resources across the globe. Being a novel disease, COVID-19 has presented itself as a mystery infection to the medical field, also requiring tremendous research and insights about the nature of the virus, and posing frequent challenges for a successful vaccine outcome. The approach to this disease requires active loco-regional to international collaboration with regards to disease containment, preventive strategies, and treatment approach.